CEDEFOP-Report: Qualifications Frameworks in Europe

Qualifications frameworks across Europe are coming of age: following a period of initial development and formal adoption they are now becoming increasingly operational. 17 countries have fully operational Frameworks. In six countries (Croatia, Greece, Latvia, Montenegro, Slovakia and Turkey) national qualifications frameworks have reached an early operational stage. The 2015 survey points to some of the challenges European NQFs will have to face:  NQFs need to integrate arrangements better for validating non-formal and informal learning. This is critical for the frameworks to make a difference to lifelong learning and to add value to career Progression.  Furthermore countries need to make their NQFs more visible to the general public and broaden stakeholder involvement, both from education/training and the labour market.